Privacy Policy

Website Visitors

Like most website operators, the Kazan University Law Review (KULR) collects non-personally-identifying information of the sort that web browsers and servers typically make available, such as the browser type, language preference, referring site, and the date and time of each visitor request. KULR’s purpose in collecting non-personally identifying information is to better understand how KULR’s visitors use its website. From time to time, KULR may release non-personally-identifying information in the aggregate, e.g., by publishing a report on trends in the usage of its website.

In the course of providing our service, KULR or its service providers may also collect potentially personally-identifying information like Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. KULR only discloses logged in user and commenter IP addresses under the same circumstances that it uses and discloses personally-identifying information as described below. Note that if you visit any third-party websites via links from KULR’s website, this policy does not apply—refer to those sites’ respective policies for more information about their practices.

Gathering of Personally-Identifying Information

Certain visitors to KULR’s website choose to interact with KULR in ways that require KULR to gather personally-identifying information. The amount and type of information that KULR gathers depends on the nature of the interaction. For example, we ask visitors who use our online forms, such as to mail an article to a friend or to submit an article for potential publication, to provide various information, such as email addresses, names, and more. KULR collects such information only insofar as is necessary or appropriate to fulfill the purpose of the visitor’s interaction with KULR. KULR does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below. And visitors can always refuse to supply personally-identifying information, with the caveat that it may prevent them from engaging in certain website-related activities.

Aggregated Statistics

KULR may collect statistics about the behavior of visitors to its website. For instance, KULR may use third-party services such as Google Analytics to collect such information. The information collected by such third-parties on behalf of KULR is governed by their respective privacy policies. KULR may display this information publicly or provide it to others. However, KULR does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below.

Protection of Certain Personally-Identifying Information

KULR discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only to those of its members, employees, contractors and affiliated organizations that need to know that information in order to process it on KULR’s behalf or to provide services available at KULR’s website. Some of those members, employees, contractors and affiliated organizations may be located outside of your home country; by using KULR’s website, you consent to the transfer of such information to them. KULR will not rent or sell your personally-identifying information to anyone. Other than to its members, employees, contractors and affiliated organizations, as described above, KULR discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only in response to a subpoena, court order or other governmental request, or when KULR believes in good faith that disclosure is reasonably necessary to protect the property or rights of KULR, third parties or the public at large. If you are a registered user of the KULR website or have supplied your email address, KULR may occasionally send you an email to tell you about new features, solicit your feedback, or just keep you up to date with what’s going on with KULR. If you use our mail-a-friend feature, we will use the information provided for the intended purpose. If you submit articles, notes, or other content or comments for review or consideration, it will be used for that purpose.


A cookie is a string of information that a website stores on a visitor’s computer, and that the visitor’s browser provides to the website each time the visitor returns. KULR and its third-party affiliates, such as Google Analytics, may use cookies to help KULR identify and track visitors, their usage of the KULR website, and their website access preferences. KULR visitors who do not wish to have cookies placed on their computers should set their browsers to refuse cookies before using KULR’s website, with the drawback that certain features of KULR’s website may not function properly without the aid of cookies. Javascript, transparent GIFs, or other similar tracking technology may also be employed.

Privacy Policy Changes

KULR may change its Privacy Policy from time to time, and in KULR’s sole discretion. KULR encourages visitors to frequently check this page for any changes to its Privacy Policy. Your continued use of this site after any change in this Privacy Policy will constitute your acceptance of such change.

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