Ildar Tarkhanov, Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor Research Adviser of the Law Faculty Kazan Federal University (Kazan, Russia)

Law Faculty of the Kazan University is well known in Russia and abroad for its scientific schools, students and alumni. Among the graduates, there are those who glorified themselves and alma mater by outstanding work in the field of their creative life – in politics, art, and literature. The article is devoted to two world famous law students of the Kazan University: the great writer Leo Tolstoy and politics, the revolutionary leader Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin). They have common student destinies, as they both were not able to complete their education at the Law Faculty of the Kazan University, and also our Faculty was the only educational institution where they had been studied. Periods of life of these people in Kazan and studying in the Kazan University are the object of attention of Kazan citizens who are interested in the millennial history of the city; some works of famous historians, memoirs of contemporaries were dedicated to Leo Tolstoy’s period at the university as a student, as he was in the center of secular and cultural life of the city of Kazan at the same time. Faculty of Law honors the memory of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin), there was reconstructed classroom in its previous form, where he had been studied, and there is a unique monument of the young Vladimir Ulyanov, established in Soviet times before the main university building.

V.V. Lazarev Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor Honored Scientist of Russia The Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)

“There are diverse approaches to the law …”. So begins the author in his discussion and reasoning in favor of an integrative approach to the law. He provides the philosophical backdrop to the development of this approach, with special attention to the views of Russian-French Professor G.D. Gurvich, whose sociological worldview was of right as existing apart from the state, as well as the theoretical origins of an integrative approach to the law, with note given to Jerome Hall’s “integrative jurisprudence” and the “pure” theory of Kelsen, the modern French theorist Jean-Louis Berželė, whose conclusions seem to fit into the mainstream of integrative jurisprudence, as does the position of American professor Harold J. Berman. Mention is made to the social foundation of an integrative approach to the law and how integrative jurisprudence is relevant to current demands inspired by the process of globalization. The author offers his own integrative definition of law, which reflects reality and thereby claims practicality.

Nina Kršljanin Doctor of Legal Sciences, docent Department of Legal History University of Belgrade (Belgrade, Serbia)

The article deals with the institution of gradozidanije in medieval Serbian law – a duty of the population to take part in the building of fortifications of both cities and monasteries. The author explores the roots of gradozidanije in the Rhomaian (Byzantine) institution of kastroktisia, and then gives an analysis of the development of gradozidanije in Serbian law, through various charters of Serbian monarchs and the Code of the Emperor Stefan Dušan. Both its standard form and some exceptions to the general rule are analysed. Finally, the text seeks to explain the difference between gradozidanije and its Rhomaian model.

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